How Important Are Prenatal Vitamins?

prenatal-vitaminsPrenatal vitamins are very important for any pregnant woman, and also almost as equally important, to other women of childbearing age, who might conceive at any time. Prenatal vitamins are there to balance the nutritional deficiencies in the diet of women during periods of pregnancy. They are made up of all the vitamins and supplements that a pregnant woman needs, so that both she and her baby will be healthy. This need for supplements began in the later half of the last century, when problems in pregnancy and fetal development, were linked to iron and folate deficiencies. Since then, the research has expanded to include everything that a pregnant woman needs.

The List of Vitamins and Supplements

The following is a list of different vitamins and supplements, that are very important for the well-being of a pregnant woman, as well as for her baby. Although referred to as prenatal vitamins, the supplements include a variety of minerals and nutrients, all of which are prenatal necessities. They include:

Calcium
Calcium is necessary for the baby’s developing bones, and also for the mother’s bones since the babies uses up available calcium for their rapid development.

Folic Acid
Folic acid helps in the prevention of neural tube defects in the baby. Because the baby’s nervous system already starts to develop before the mother even knows she is pregnant, prenatal vitamins should be taken by all women of childbearing age.

Iron
Iron is important for oxygen transportation.

Vitamin A
Vitamin A is important in the development of the eyes, respiratory system and the brain.

Vitamin C
This Vitamin helps in the absorption of Iron and to reduce stress.

Vitamin D
Vitamin D helps to increase the absorption rate of calcium and phosphorus in the body, which results in better bone and teeth development in the baby.

Vitamin B12
It helps with the formation of blood and in preventing nervous system defects.

Zinc
It helps in balancing fluids in the body.

Conclusion

As can be seen from the functions of the different vitamins and supplements that prenatal vitamins contain, it is of utmost importance that all pregnant women, and even other women of childbearing age, should constantly take prenatal vitamins. This is both for your sake as the mother, and for that of your unborn child.